How Does A Shower Head Work
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How Does A Shower Head Work?


Are you looking for a new shower system? Well then, you probably have many ideas about the external factors like head size, built material, water modes, etc. But what about the internal components?

An expert plumber can install a shower head at your residence. But, you should be familiar with the showerhead to make the proper selections and avoid all the possible troubles.

So, do you know how does a shower work? Here, we will discuss the same, so that you can understand all the technicalities and choose perfect fixtures according to your requirements.

Components Of A Showerhead – Terms To Know


Components Of A Showerhead

Valve: The spot where hot and cold pipes come together. The valve helps you to adjust the water flow and its temperature. So, a shower valve makes your shower time comfortable and keeps you safe by preventing sudden temperature changes.

Rough-in: Unfinished stage of plumbing wherein everything is installed and ready, but there is no connection. Sometimes it’s also referred to as the shower arm’s point coming out of the bathroom wall.

Rough: Refers to all the items installed inside the walls. It includes diverters, pipes, valves, etc.

Diverter valve: Generally present in combination showerhead or multi-head shower system, diverter valve diverts the water flow from fixed head to handheld or vice versa. Its functionality depends upon the make and model of a bathing system.

Mixing valve: Helps you to mix cold and hot water. A thermostatic mixer valve is also available with some of the showerheads. Such a valve senses the water temperature before throwing it on your body.

Pressure balance valve: Senses the ratio of cold and hot water. It allows you to control both water flow and temperature.

Lever or knob: Turns the shower on or off as per your requirements.

How Does A Shower Head Work?


Once you turn the lever or press the knob, it pulls water from the source. Coldwater flows straight to its pipe while some amount of water stops in the heater. Both the water flows meet at the shower valve, which mixes them and sends them out through the showerhead, handheld, or tub spout.

The valves and other hardware vary according to the shower system’s make and model. If you are remodeling, then check for compatibility before installing the parts. Let’s talk about different types of the shower for better understanding.

Single Function Shower


Comprises a wall-mountable shower head and a pressure balance valve; single-function shower systems are simple to understand.

Once you turn its lever, water flow from both cold and hot pipes into the valve to get mixed. Then, it regulates the temperature according to your settings. Finally, the water flows out through the showerhead.

Two-function Shower Head


Combination showerheads are popular because of their versatile usage and flexibility. For instance, you can find a typical bundle of fixed and handheld showerheads. Rain shower heads are standard in these models.

Some of the two-function shower systems allow you to use one shower head at a time. At the same time, others have a valve that helps both heads run simultaneously. Such functions need a diverter.

Now you might think, how does a shower diverter function? As you can understand from the name, it diverts water towards two or more showerheads. When you turn the diverter, it stops the water flow through the handheld and sends it to the fixed shower head.

Multi-function Shower


If required, you can enjoy a shower system with more than two functionalities. Such a shower needs a three-way diverter to allow water to flow to all the outlets. Some of these systems need more rough to facilitate this versatile water supply.

Exposed Shower


The functions of the valve and diverter remain the same in this version. However, exposed showers flaunt their plumbing, which allows you to understand how the water is coming out of the head.

How Does An Electric Shower Work?


Electric showers are widespread because they are easy to install and are suitable for almost all bathrooms. Such a shower needs a cold water supply and an electric connection. It bypasses the hot water requirement like other shower systems.

An electric shower comprises a heating element, which heats the water as it passes through the shower. The heating time is almost instant. As these showers do not need an external hot water supply, they are perfect when you want to add another unit to your bathroom.

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